Cross Connect Guide
Following the delivery of a new DSL phone line to the phone box or equivalent wiring area (otherwise known as the MPoE, or Main Point of Entry), many circuits still require what is called a cross connect. A cross connect ties the outside and inside wiring together via binding posts. This will complete the circuit and deliver the DSL and phone signals from Sonic up to the jack where the modem will connect. This guide will show you how to identify the relevant wiring within the phone box and how to complete the cross connect.
Please note that this guide is intended for informative purposes only, and Sonic cannot provide direct support for performing your own cross-connect. Sonic is not liable for any potential damages incurred as a result of attempting your own cross-connect.
Needle-nose pliers and a flathead screwdriver should be the only necessary tools to complete the cross connect. Gather these before heading out to your phone box.
This can typically be found on one of the exterior walls of the home. In some instances, it may also be located in a garage, closet, etc. Once you find the phone box we can open it up and get to the wiring inside. It is important to note that phone boxes are generally divided into an external side for ISP use and internal side for end user use.
- The interior of a phone box can be divided into two sections: one for connecting the external wiring provided by your ISP, and the other for connecting the internal wiring of your home.
|On the left side we have the ISP/ External Wiring side of the phone box.||On the right side we have the Customer/ Internal Wiring side of the phone box.|
Drop Wire/ Outside Wiring
This is the actual line being delivered to your home. On the day of the drop, continuity is confirmed and the proper pair is tied down to the binding posts on the external side of the MPoE.
This is the wiring that will be connected at the jack(s) within your home on one end and at the internal binding posts in the phone box on the other. There may be just a single, or multiple runs of internal wiring stemming from the phone box.
- If you are unsure which pair(s) are connected at your telephone jack, you may want to open it to find out.
You will find binding posts both on the internal and external side of the phone box. Binding posts will always come in pairs. One pair of binding posts and wires constitutes as a single line of service. For example, in an X2 dual line service, you would be tying down 2 wire pairs (4 wires) on 2 different sets of binding posts.
These are the wires that carry the connection between the external binding posts and the binding posts on the internal side.
- Note that it is important to determine which binding posts on the internal wiring side have jumpers connected to them as this is where you'll be tying down your wire pairs.
If your MPoE has a test jack, it an be used to confirm dial tone and sync without connecting any internal wiring. If phone or sync issues are present, it can also be effective to try using the test jack to determine if the problem is on the inside or outside wiring.
- Unplug the test jack and plug in your own phone or modem to test for dial tone and sync.
- If you're using a phone, dial 933# to confirm the phone line to connected to is your own.
The module is an encasement for the binding posts, jumpers and sometimes a test jack. Modules are only present on the internal (customer-facing) side of the MPoE. Most modules tend to have covers that may need to be removed before you can see the binding posts.
Completing the Cross Connect
- Identify which wire pair(s) are connected to the jack you would like to activate. See Internal Wiring above if you need help doing so.
- Find which external binding post the outside wiring is tied to.
- Follow the jumpers from the external binding posts to the proper module(s).
- Tie down the internal pair to the proper module(s). You will need to loosen the binding post with a screwdriver (one turn should do) and wrap an exposed portion of the internal wiring around it. Tighten back down when finished. Polarity and does not matter and either wire in the pair can be tied down to either binding post.
The first wire of the pair being tied down. The second wire of the pair being tied down.
- 5. Trim excess wiring. Any excess wiring should be trimmed down to minimize the potential for contact with other metals/objects which in turn can hinder the performance of the line.
- 6. Test the connection at the jack within the home. The fastest/ easiest way to do so is to plug in a phone to check for the presence of dial tone. If dial tone is present congratulations, you've successfully completed the cross connect!